THE MIDEAST PEACE PROCESS



                             CAMP DAVID ACCORDS



                             September 17, 1978





                 The Framework for Peace in the Middle East



Muhammad Anwar al-Sadat, President of the Arab Republic of Egypt, and

Menachem Begin, Prime Minister of Israel, met with Jimmy Carter, President

of the United States of America, at Camp David from September 5 to

September 17, 1978, and have agreed on the following framework for peace in

the Middle East. They invite other parties to the Arab-Israel conflict to

adhere to it.



Preamble



The search for peace in the Middle East must be guided by the following:



   * The agreed basis for a peaceful settlement of the conflict between

     Israel and its neighbors is United Nations Security Council Resolution

     242, in all its parts.



   * After four wars during 30 years, despite intensive human efforts, the

     Middle East, which is the cradle of civilization and the birthplace of

     three great religions, does not enjoy the blessings of peace. The

     people of the Middle East yearn for peace so that the vast human and

     natural resources of the region can be turned to the pursuits of peace

     and so that this area can become a model for coexistence and

     cooperation among nations.



   * The historic initiative of President Sadat in visiting Jerusalem and

     the reception accorded to him by the parliament, government and people

     of Israel, and the reciprocal visit of Prime Minister Begin to

     Ismailia, the peace proposals made by both leaders, as well as the

     warm reception of these missions by the peoples of both countries,

     have created an unprecedented opportunity for peace which must not be

     lost if this generation and future generations are to be spared the

     tragedies of war.



   * The provisions of the Charter of the United Nations and the other

     accepted norms of international law and legitimacy now provide

     accepted standards for the conduct of relations among all states.



   * To achieve a relationship of peace, in the spirit of Article 2 of the

     United Nations Charter, future negotiations between Israel and any

     neighbor prepared to negotiate peace and security with it are

     necessary for the purpose of carrying out all the provisions and

     principles of Resolutions 242 and 338.



   * Peace requires respect for the sovereignty, territorial integrity and

     political independence of every state in the area and their right to

     live in peace within secure and recognized boundaries free from

     threats or acts of force. Progress toward that goal can accelerate

     movement toward a new era of reconciliation in the Middle East marked

     by cooperation in promoting economic development, in maintaining

     stability and in assuring security.



   * Security is enhanced by a relationship of peace and by cooperation

     between nations which enjoy normal relations. In addition, under the

     terms of peace treaties, the parties can, on the basis of reciprocity,

     agree to special security arrangements such as demilitarized zones,

     limited armaments areas, early warning stations, the presence of

     international forces, liaison, agreed measures for monitoring and

     other arrangements that they agree are useful.



Framework



Taking these factors into account, the parties are determined to reach a

just, comprehensive, and durable settlement of the Middle East conflict

through the conclusion of peace treaties based on Security Council

resolutions 242 and 338 in all their parts. Their purpose is to achieve

peace and good neighborly relations. They recognize that for peace to

endure, it must involve all those who have been most deeply affected by the

conflict. They therefore agree that this framework, as appropriate, is

intended by them to constitute a basis for peace not only between Egypt and

Israel, but also between Israel and each of its other neighbors which is

prepared to negotiate peace with Israel on this basis. With that objective

in mind, they have agreed to proceed as follows:



  A. West Bank and Gaza



       1. Egypt, Israel, Jordan and the representatives of the Palestinian

          people should participate in negotiations on the resolution of

          the Palestinian problem in all its aspects. To achieve that

          objective, negotiations relating to the West Bank and Gaza should

          proceed in three stages:



            a. Egypt and Israel agree that, in order to ensure a peaceful

               and orderly transfer of authority, and taking into account

               the security concerns of all the parties, there should be

               transitional arrangements for the West Bank and Gaza for a

               period not exceeding five years. In order to provide full

               autonomy to the inhabitants, under these arrangements the

               Israeli military government and its civilian administration

               will be withdrawn as soon as a self-governing authority has

               been freely elected by the inhabitants of these areas to

               replace the existing military government. To negotiate the

               details of a transitional arrangement, Jordan will be

               invited to join the negotiations on the basis of this

               framework. These new arrangements should give due

               consideration both to the principle of self-government by

               the inhabitants of these territories and to the legitimate

               security concerns of the parties involved.



            b. Egypt, Israel, and Jordan will agree on the modalities for

               establishing elected self-governing authority in the West

               Bank and Gaza. The delegations of Egypt and Jordan may

               include Palestinians from the West Bank and Gaza or other

               Palestinians as mutually agreed. The parties will negotiate

               an agreement which will define the powers and

               responsibilities of the self-governing authority to be

               exercised in the West Bank and Gaza. A withdrawal of Israeli

               armed forces will take place and there will be a

               redeployment of the remaining Israeli forces into specified

               security locations. The agreement will also include

               arrangements for assuring internal and external security and

               public order. A strong local police force will be

               established, which may include Jordanian citizens. In

               addition, Israeli and Jordanian forces will participate in

               joint patrols and in the manning of control posts to assure

               the security of the borders.



            c. When the self-governing authority (administrative council)

               in the West Bank and Gaza is established and inaugurated,

               the transitional period of five years will begin. As soon as

               possible, but not later than the third year after the

               beginning of the transitional period, negotiations will take

               place to determine the final status of the West Bank and

               Gaza and its relationship with its neighbors and to conclude

               a peace treaty between Israel and Jordan by the end of the

               transitional period. These negotiations will be conducted

               among Egypt, Israel, Jordan and the elected representatives

               of the inhabitants of the West Bank and Gaza. Two separate

               but related committees will be convened, one committee,

               consisting of representatives of the four parties which will

               negotiate and agree on the final status of the West Bank and

               Gaza, and its relationship with its neighbors, and the

               second committee, consisting of representatives of Israel

               and representatives of Jordan to be joined by the elected

               representatives of the inhabitants of the West Bank and

               Gaza, to negotiate the peace treaty between Israel and

               Jordan, taking into account the agreement reached in the

               final status of the West Bank and Gaza. The negotiations

               shall be based on all the provisions and principles of UN

               Security Council Resolution 242. The negotiations will

               resolve, among other matters, the location of the boundaries

               and the nature of the security arrangements. The solution

               from the negotiations must also recognize the legitimate

               right of the Palestinian peoples and their just

               requirements. In this way, the Palestinians will participate

               in the determination of their own future through:



                 i. The negotiations among Egypt, Israel, Jordan and the

                    representatives of the inhabitants of the West Bank and

                    Gaza to agree on the final status of the West Bank and

                    Gaza and other outstanding issues by the end of the

                    transitional period.

                ii. Submitting their agreements to a vote by the elected

                    representatives of the inhabitants of the West Bank and

                    Gaza.

               iii. Providing for the elected representatives of the

                    inhabitants of the West Bank and Gaza to decide how

                    they shall govern themselves consistent with the

                    provisions of their agreement.

                iv. Participating as stated above in the work of the

                    committee negotiating the peace treaty between Israel

                    and Jordan.



            d. All necessary measures will be taken and provisions made to

               assure the security of Israel and its neighbors during the

               transitional period and beyond. To assist in providing such

               security, a strong local police force will be constituted by

               the self-governing authority. It will be composed of

               inhabitants of the West Bank and Gaza. The police will

               maintain liaison on internal security matters with the

               designated Israeli, Jordanian, and Egyptian officers.



            e. During the transitional period, representatives of Egypt,

               Israel, Jordan, and the self-governing authority will

               constitute a continuing committee to decide by agreement on

               the modalities of admission of persons displaced from the

               West Bank and Gaza in 1967, together with necessary measures

               to prevent disruption and disorder. Other matters of common

               concern may also be dealt with by this committee.



            f. Egypt and Israel will work with each other and with other

               interested parties to establish agreed procedures for a

               prompt, just and permanent implementation of the resolution

               of the refugee problem.



  B. Egypt-Israel



       1. Egypt-Israel undertake not to resort to the threat or the use of

          force to settle disputes. Any disputes shall be settled by

          peaceful means in accordance with the provisions of Article 33 of

          the U.N. Charter.



       2. In order to achieve peace between them, the parties agree to

          negotiate in good faith with a goal of concluding within three

          months from the signing of the Framework a peace treaty between

          them while inviting the other parties to the conflict to proceed

          simultaneously to negotiate and conclude similar peace treaties

          with a view the achieving a comprehensive peace in the area. The

          Framework for the Conclusion of a Peace Treaty between Egypt and

          Israel will govern the peace negotiations between them. The

          parties will agree on the modalities and the timetable for the

          implementation of their obligations under the treaty.



  C. Associated Principles



       1. Egypt and Israel state that the principles and provisions

          described below should apply to peace treaties between Israel and

          each of its neighbors - Egypt, Jordan, Syria and Lebanon.



       2. Signatories shall establish among themselves relationships normal

          to states at peace with one another. To this end, they should

          undertake to abide by all the provisions of the U.N. Charter.

          Steps to be taken in this respect include:



            a. full recognition;

            b. abolishing economic boycotts;

            c. guaranteeing that under their jurisdiction the citizens of

               the other parties shall enjoy the protection of the due

               process of law.



       3. Signatories should explore possibilities for economic development

          in the context of final peace treaties, with the objective of

          contributing to the atmosphere of peace, cooperation and

          friendship which is their common goal.



       4. Claims commissions may be established for the mutual settlement

          of all financial claims.



       5. The United States shall be invited to participated in the talks

          on matters related to the modalities of the implementation of the

          agreements and working out the timetable for the carrying out of

          the obligations of the parties.



       6. The United Nations Security Council shall be requested to endorse

          the peace treaties and ensure that their provisions shall not be

          violated. The permanent members of the Security Council shall be

          requested to underwrite the peace treaties and ensure respect or

          the provisions. They shall be requested to conform their policies

          an actions with the undertaking contained in this Framework.



                       For the Government of Israel:

                               Menachem Begin



                           For the Government of

                        the Arab Republic of Egypt

                          Muhammed Anwar al-Sadat



                                Witnessed by

                               Jimmy Carter,

                 President of the United States of America



               Framework for the Conclusion of a Peace Treaty

                          between Egypt and Israel



In order to achieve peace between them, Israel and Egypt agree to negotiate

in good faith with a goal of concluding within three months of the signing

of this framework a peace treaty between them:



It is agreed that:



   * The site of the negotiations will be under a United Nations flag at a

     location or locations to be mutually agreed.



   * All of the principles of U.N. Resolution 242 will apply in this

     resolution of the dispute between Israel and Egypt.



   * Unless otherwise mutually agreed, terms of the peace treaty will be

     implemented between two and three years after the peace treaty is

     signed.



The following matters are agreed between the parties:



  1. the full exercise of Egyptian sovereignty up to the internationally

     recognized border between Egypt and mandated Palestine;



  2. the withdrawal of Israeli armed forces from the Sinai;



  3. the use of airfields left by the Israelis near al-Arish, Rafah, Ras

     en-Naqb, and Sharm el-Sheikh for civilian purposes only, including

     possible commercial use only by all nations;



  4. the right of free passage by ships of Israel through the Gulf of Suez

     and the Suez Canal on the basis of the Constantinople Convention of

     1888 applying to all nations; the Strait of Tiran and Gulf of Aqaba

     are international waterways to be open to all nations for unimpeded

     and nonsuspendable freedom of navigation and overflight;



  5. the construction of a highway between the Sinai and Jordan near Eilat

     with guaranteed free and peaceful passage by Egypt and Jordan; and



  6. the stationing of military forces listed below.



Stationing of Forces



No more than one division (mechanized or infantry) of Egyptian armed forces

will be stationed within an area lying approximately 50 km. (30 miles) east

of the Gulf of Suez and the Suez Canal.



Only United Nations forces and civil police equipped with light weapons to

perform normal police functions will be stationed within an area lying west

of the international border and the Gulf of Aqaba, varying in width from 20

km. (12 miles) to 40 km. (24 miles).



In the area within 3 km. (1.8 miles) east of the international border there

will be Israeli limited military forces not to exceed four infantry

battalions and United Nations observers.



Border patrol units not to exceed three battalions will supplement the

civil police in maintaining order in the area not included above.



The exact demarcation of the above areas will be as decided during the

peace negotiations.



Early warning stations may exist to insure compliance with the terms of the

agreement.



United Nations forces will be stationed:



  1. in part of the area in the Sinai lying within about 20 km. of the

     Mediterranean Sea and adjacent to the international border, and



  2. in the Sharm el-Sheikh area to insure freedom of passage through the

     Strait of Tiran; and these forces will not be removed unless such

     removal is approved by the Security Council of the United Nations with

     a unanimous vote of the five permanent members.



After a peace treaty is signed, and after the interim withdrawal is

complete, normal relations will be established between Egypt and Israel,

including full recognition, including diplomatic, economic and cultural

relations; termination of economic boycotts and barriers to the free

movement of goods and people; and mutual protection of citizens by the due

process of law.



Interim Withdrawal



Between three months and nine months after the signing of the peace treaty,

all Israeli forces will withdraw east of a line extending from a point east

of El-Arish to Ras Muhammad, the exact location of this line to be

determined by mutual agreement.



                           For the Government of

                        the Arab Republic of Egypt:

                          Muhammed Anwar al-Sadat



                       For the Government of Israel:

                               Menachem Begin



                               Witnessed by:

                               Jimmy Carter,

                 President of the United States of America